Human Body Models

Historically, crash test dummies or Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATDs) were modeled after cadavers and subjected to test crashes of all types, and while invaluable insights have been generated from that research, even more can be done via Human Body Models (HBM), both virtually and with the physical ATD forms.

Currently, there are three types of crash testing modes:

  1. Anthropomorphic Test Devices (ATDs)- physical
  2. Anthropomorphic Test Devices based on Human Body Models (ATD FEM)- physical
  3. Finite Element Modeling- Human Body (FEM)- virtual

With FEM, otherwise known as virtual modeling, there is great potential to improve injury assessment and treatment, as well as assist in the prevention of injuries during Motor Vehicle Crashes (MVCs.) For automotive engineers, safety researchers, and clinicians, virtual human body models expand the collision conditions and occupant configurations so that they may be studied beyond what is possible with expensive repeated physical tests with standard ATDs. With recent advances in computing it has become far more informative and less expensive to use computers to manage the modeling.


For almost 20 years, ICAM has collected and documented real-life MVCs in unmatched detail. From the subsequent analysis of this data, and the processing and analysis of thousands of CT scans from crash and non-crash subjects alike; ICAM has the data and capability to help create more detailed and anatomically correct human body models of any stature, age, and gender.

Focus on a vulnerable population

ICAM has partnered with Toyota and Humanetics Innovative Solutions to expand and improve upon existing methods of crash testing by utilizing the Center’s next generation data for geometry and material properties. By concentrating on the development and validation of a set of elderly crash test devices based on computer modeling, the partnership seeks to better protect one of the most vulnerable and underserved populations related to MVCs.